Today’s time period is a distinguished period of world history that could be easily differentiate from the pre-modern world. Modern identities have been created that enables the individuals to think from a different point of view, but, paradoxically. This sense of modernity provides a platform to the people for their thoughtful self-cultivation. Enforcing modernity is a deep concern that includes all the disciplines and fields in life. Either it be social life, practical life, professional life or religious commodities. Hence, religion is ought to be the most debatable topic among several modern disciplines.
A large number of arguments have been provided on the basis of different theories, that includes an overview of people’s perceptions and opinions regarding religion. Religion has always been an ideology of creating identities for individuals. It is a combination of beliefs and rituals for respective people. Modernity and religions forms a great combination as they both are interlinked with each other. In the present world, it is seen that being modern is referred to be modern by appearance rather than the inner characteristics. Moreover, being modern is represented by the clothes one wears, the language that one speaks, the confidence that is built in one. All these aspects lead to being modern in the society, but, this is not only the discourse. Considering all these outer aspects, the individuals forgets its religious values and hence, a decline in religion occurs.
A unified theory was presented by several socialists related to this objectivity. Revolutionary socialists like Karl Marx, Max Weber, Emile Durkheim, have spoken about the connection between the mass support for religions and politically, socially and economically experienced realities. They have incorporated the idea of un-secularized thoughts in the society and among the young. All these socialists have stressed upon the fulfilment of religion practices in a very formal and authentic way, however, the basic considered ideology of modernity is not supporting their thoughts.
Modernity has altered the way of people thinking about their religion. People have started living secular lives. Secularism, the theory of non-religious commodities, is now being supported by a large number of individuals, since, they think that living a rational and humanistic life could be suitable for their characteristic of being “Modern”. Secularism has gotten an incline as the term modernity is being enforced in the society. This is creating a bridge of gap between the people and the religion. In a multi-cultural world like today, Jefferson’s phrase, “wall of separation between church and state” is broadly a highlighted feature of the society. Modernity has brought such a transformation in the society that is clearly an opposition of religious affiliation and identifications. However, it is promoting secular activities in the society that is contributing in the development of no religious affairs and secular identities.
Moreover, it is very visible that the society is progressing through rationalization and modernization. Religion is losing its all charm and authority. No one now cares about the religious values, despite this factor, the role of religion in present modern societies is losing its cultural, ethical, social and practical significances. There are many religious organizations that are working in full swing for the development of societies but, they now have little and less power as compared to the rationalized authorities, governments and socially constructed powers. This decline in religiosity level has resulted in an evil manner of the way people look at world religions.